Author(s): Ikramullah, Faruq Hassan, Muhammad Umar Memon
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan emerged on the map of the world as an independent sovereign state on 14th August 1947, as a result of the division of the former British India. Located in South Asia, Pakistan shares an eastern border with India and a north-eastern border with China. Iran makes up the country’s south-west border, and Afghanistan runs along its western and northern edge. The Arabian Sea lies along Pakistan’s southern boundary.
Pakistan displays some of Asia's most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from te Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some o fthe world's most specacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home to sites that date back to the world's earliest settlements rivaling those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
The country has a total area of 796,095 sq km and is nearly four times the size of the United Kingdom.